Mid-South Eventing & Dressage Association


  • 06/17/2018 9:32 AM | Deleted user

    Volunteer opportunities for MSEDA members abound. Each month, we will feature an opportunity for members to obtain volunteer hours and help put on a successful, MSEDA-sanctioned show.

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    Date and Time: June 22-24 at the Kentucky Horse Park

    Event History: The Midsouth Pony Club Horse Trial began as a fundraiser for the Midsouth Pony Club region to help Pony Club members cover the costs of hosting the Eventing Rally.

    Volunteer opportunities before the show, June 19-21:

    • Setting dressage rings (Tuesday morning, June 19)
    • Painting and decorating XC (Tuesday-Thursday, June 19-21)
    • Setting stadium courses (Thursday afternoon, June 21)

    Volunteer opportunities during the show:

    Friday, June 22:

    • Dressage scribe
    • Dressage ring steward
    • Bit check
    • Showjumping timer
    • Showjumping ring steward
    • Showjumping ring crew

    Saturday, June 23:

    • Dressage scribe
    • Dressage bit check
    • Stadium ring crew

    Sunday, June 24:

    • Showjumping ring steward
    • Showjumping in-gate
    • Showjumping ring crew
    • XC warm-up steward

    Volunteer opportunities after the event:

    • Sending in scores
    • Writing thank you notes
    • Creating press releases

    What should volunteers know?

    Midsouth will cover parking at the Kentucky Horse Park if volunteers don't have a pass. Lunch will be provided if a volunteer shift occurs during that time period. This event is MSEDA sanctioned so MSEDA volunteer hours count; additionally, all volunteer hours are logged in the USEA Eventing VIP system.  

    Interested in volunteering or learning more? Contact Erin Woodall at gtowngrits@gmail.com or (502) 316-3565.

  • 06/17/2018 9:15 AM | Deleted user

    With the onslaught of heat and the rain, weeds have come on in a hurry, in pastures and fields and around barns and homes. Find out which weeds need to be eradicated from your fields immediately and how to control them.

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    While horse people are well-versed in the quality of the concentrates and hay they feed their steeds, the quality of the forage in horses pastures is often overlooked. To make your pasture work the hardest for you, it’s important to correctly identify what types of weeds are growing so you can effectively eradicate them; certain weeds will take specific methods to remove them from a field.

    Thankfully, the majority of weeds found in fields cause little threat to horse health; most weeds are not tasty and in general, and a horse would need to consume a good amount of the weed for it to be toxic. While this means that weed eradication is not an immediate chore to keep horses safe, it is important to maintaining the health of your fields.

    Though it may be tempting to try to control weeds now, when they seem to be growing out of control, you should never apply herbicides to plants that are stressed from heat or drought.

    Some weeds common in horse pastures include:

    Buckhorn Plantain



    Hemp dogbane* (also called Indian hemp)


    Johnson grass*



    Poison hemlock*


    Star of Bethlehem*

    White snakeroot*

    Wild carrot* (also known as Queen Anne’s Lace)

    *Indicates weeds are poisonous and should be removed from pastures as soon as possible.

    Preventing Pasture Weeds

    Some ways to remove and keep weeds at bay on your farm:

    • Mow and weedeat fencerows and not just fields; weeds on the edges will equal weeds in the pastures in short order
    • Avoid overgrazing fields
    • Dig out weeds by the roots; though this can seem overwhelming in large fields, it’s a worthwhile endeavor in smaller paddocks and pastures
    • Mow before weeds go to seed
    • Consider spraying, but you will need to know what plants you are fighting to get the right kind of product. It’s also imperative to make sure the spray is safe for livestock
    • Take soil samples so you know what needs to be done to create the healthiest soil for quality forage

    Visit the Cornell University Department of Animal Science website for a complete list of plants that are poisonous to horses.

  • 06/05/2018 4:10 PM | Deleted user

    In an effort to garner even more support for MSEDA members, the official MidSouth Eventing & Dressage Association Facebook Page and the official MSEDA Instagram are being taken over by members at MSEDA recognized horse shows and events. The goal of these takeovers is to support current MSEDA members and to encourage more members to join.

    Jenn O'Neill on Alex

    The Social Media Member Spotlight premiered at Sayre School Combined Test and Dressage Show by Hollyn Renfro. Hollyn, a junior rider, shadowed Jenn O’Neill on her training horses Eliot and Ande, as well as on Jenn’s personal horse Alex.

    Kerri Sweet and Shake the Glitter Off

    The next spotlights included Kerri Sweet and Shake the Glitter Off, “Abacus,” who competed at MayDaze Horse Trials and Courtney Calnan with CC Little Black Dress, “Harper,” who competed at the KDA Spring Dressage Show. Kerri took over both the MSEDA Instagram and the Kentucky Horse Park Instagram, posting her competition story to both. Sweet finished fifth in Beginner Novice in a very deep division. Calnan debuted her new First Level Musical Freestyle and ended up finishing in as the Open Reserve High Point winner for the Freestyle in the Warm Up as well as Open High Point Freestyle in for the overall show.

    CC Little Black Dress owned by Courtney Calnan

    This past weekend Sally Holman and Wistful Silence, “Simon,” were our latest pair to be spotlighted. Sally and Simon were competing in the Novice Three-Day where after a wonderful weekend finished in the weekend in 9th place.

    Sally Holman and Wistful Silence

    Members are encouraged to nominate and also take pictures of their friends for social media. Interested in nominating someone for a Social Media Spotlight? Email Tess Utterback (tessutterback@gmail.com)

    Want to see what you’ve missed? Search #msedamemberspotlight and #mseda on Facebook and Instagram.

  • 06/04/2018 8:56 PM | Deleted user

    Most equestrians give spring and fall shots to our equine counterparts religiously, but few of us take the time to understand what diseases we are safeguarding against. Here we delve into Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis and why it is considered a “core vaccine” with the American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP).

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    Many of us give “combo” shots, typically four- or five-way combinations of vaccines given in one vial so our horses don’t have to get stuck multiple times with individual needles. These combinations typically include what the AAEP dubs “core vaccines” – those that all horses, no matter their location or occupation, should be vaccinated for to protect their wellbeing.

    These core vaccines include:

    • Eastern/Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
    • Rabies
    • Tetanus
    • West Nile Virus

    Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis

    Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis (EEE), is one of the core vaccines recommended by the AAEP. EEE was first recorded in the Northern hemisphere in 1831. Similar to West Nile Virus, EEE is transmitted by mosquitoes, so horses that live or spend time near ponds or other still bodies of water have a higher risk of contracting the disease.

    Horses (and humans) are a dead-end species for EEE, meaning they cannot pass it on; horses become infected when they are bitten by a mosquito that has picked up EEE from wild birds or rodents, which are “natural reservoirs” for the virus; this means they can carry EEE, but are not affected by it.

    EEE causes severe encephalitis in horses; it has a 90 percent mortality rate in horses that are not vaccinated. It is most prevalent in the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states in mid-summer to fall. Evidence suggests that young horses are particularly susceptible to the disease.

    Signs of EEE

    EEE comes on in a hurry and can be confused with other diseases that affect the central nervous system, like bacterial meningitis, rabies, tetanus, Western Equine Encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis and West Nile Virus. This disease is also sometimes confused with poisoning. To definitively diagnose a horse, blood must be tested in a lab to see if there are antibodies to the virus present.

    Time is of the essence with EEE cases as most affected horses die within three days. An animal that survives may have permanent brain damage.

    Signs of EEE include:

    • Anorexia
    • Fever
    • Depression
    • Heat tilt
    • Impaired vision
    • Muscle twitches
    • Staggering gait
    • Irritability
    • Head pressing
    • Limb weakness or paralysis
    • Coma
    • Sensitivity to light

    Controlling EEE

    EEE tends to appear in “outbreak form,” meaning that the infected horses are generally in close proximity to one another. EEE occurs when horse owners don’t vaccinate their horses or don’t vaccinate so the proper coverage is attained. Horses vaccinated for the first time must receive an injection of EEE followed by a second dose of the vaccine three to four weeks later. This two-dose series is essential to establish an effective immune response. A “booster” is then given in the spring each year thereafter. Veterinarians in some areas may recommend a fall booster, as well.

    Vaccination is the No. 1 way to prevent EEE. It is unusual to see EEE in a horse that has been vaccinated for the disease. There is no treatment for EEE; horses are offered only supportive care, including fluids and corticosteroids.

    Controlling mosquitos is also key in preventing EEE. This can be done in a number of ways, including:

    • Eliminate standing water, including in wheelbarrows, gutters, tarps and other easy-to-forget areas.
    • Use larvicidal products that kill mosquito larvae.
    • Change drinking water regularly in buckets and troughs.
    • Keep horses inside at dawn and dusk, when misquotes are most active.
    • Turn on fans to keep mosquitos at bay.
    • Encourage predators, including insects that feed on mosquitos and their larvae.
    • Apply flyspray and investigate the use of a fly sheet and mask on horses that are outside.

    EEE Fast Facts

    • In 2016, there were 116 cases reported nationwide to the USDA.
    • 24 cases of EEE were in Florida, but cases were reported in every coastal state from Virginia to Texas, as well as in Tennessee and Arkansas.
    • Isolated cases in New Jersey and Michigan, plus an outbreak of 19 in Wisconsin, also occurred in 2016.
  • 05/21/2018 2:51 PM | Deleted user

    Though formerly described as a “sporadic” disease affecting horses that lived near the Potomac River, Potomac Horse Fever (PHF) has now been identified in multiple other geographic areas in the United States and Canada. While not dubbed a “core vaccine” with the American Association of Equine Practitioners, many veterinarians recommend their clients vaccinate for the disease.  

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    How Potomac Horse Fever is Transmitted

    Known by other more-uncommon names like Ditch Fever, Shasta River Crud and Equine monocytic ehrlichiosis, Potomac Horse Fever is a seasonal disease seen in spring, summer and early fall on farms that are located near creeks or rivers. The disease is caused by a bacterium called Neorickettsia risticii, which is found in flatworms that develop in aquatic snails. The snails then shed the bacteria when the water warms in the spring and summer. From there, the bacteria can be ingested by horses drinking from rivers or streams, or, more likely, the bacteria is picked up by aquatic insects like mayflies, caddisflies, dragonflies or damselflies.

    These infected insects can be ingested by horses as they graze, or they may be eaten by bats and barn swallows, which may also inhabit barns; it is not known if the feces from bats and birds play a role in PHF infection.

    Signs of PHF

    PHF causes diarrhea, mild colic and fever, and may cause abortion in pregnant mares. Horses infected with PHF become depressed and anorexic before developing a fever; they will have an elevated heart rate and dark mucous membranes. Horses may sweat and intestinal sounds may be decreased; within 48 hours horses typically develop diarrhea with some mild colic signs. Some horses may become dehydrated or septic, and some will develop laminitis.

    The incubation period for PHF is 10 to 18 days, and infected horses are not contagious. Acute colitis in the small and large intestine is a possibility, but the biggest complication of PHF is laminitis, which occurs in 20-30 percent of affected horses; it is normally severe and averse to treatment. Fatality from PHF is between 5 and 30 percent.  


    Often confused with salmonella, a definitive diagnosis of PHF requires testing for the bacteria in blood or feces. Many vets opt to begin treatment of the affected horse before the blood work is back as the disease can progress rapidly.  

    Horses infected with PHF can be treated with oxytetracycline if they are diagnosed early in the disease progression. Horses generally begin responding to treatment within 12 hours. Responses typically include the return of appetite, a brighter attitude, a reduction of fever and an increase in intestinal sounds. If the horse is exhibiting signs of entercolitis, fluids and NSAIDs are normally given. If discovered early, signs of the disease resolve by the third day of treatment.


    If PHF has been confirmed on a farm or geographic area, it’s very likely that additional PHF cases will occur. Vaccinations for PHF are marginally effective; there are more than 14 strains of N ristcii, so the vaccination may not cover all strains (similar to being vaccinated for human influenza and still ending up with the flu, but with a less-severe case). There are some strategies horse owners can employ to help minimize the prevalence of insects that may be responsible for PHF. These include:

    • Turning off lights at night to avoid insect attraction

    • Maintaining barriers along bodies of water to encourage insects to stay near their home base

    • Cleaning water and feed buckets regularly to avoid accidental ingestion

    • Covering horse feed to avoid insect contamination

    PHF can have grave consequences for horses, so discussing the disease with a vet and determining the best course of action to protect equines is paramount.

  • 05/21/2018 2:39 PM | Deleted user

    Volunteer opportunities for MSEDA members abound. Each month, we will feature an opportunity for members to obtain volunteer hours and help put on a successful, MSEDA-sanctioned show.

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    Date and time: May 25, 26 and 27 at the Kentucky Horse Park Dressage Complex

    Event history: The Kentucky Dressage Association (KDA) Spring Warm-Up and 32nd Annual Dressage Show is an Official Qualifying Competition for the 2018 Adequan FEI North American Junior and Young Rider Championships presented by Gotham North; the 2018 Children Dressage National Championship; the 2018 USEF Pony Rider Dressage National Championship; 2018 AGCO/USEF Junior and Young Rider Dressage National Championships; and the 2018 USEF Young Adult Brentina Cup Dressage National Championship presented by Dressage Today. It is also an Official Qualifying Competition for the 2018 Markel/USEF Young and Developing Horse Dressage Championships and an Official Qualifying Competition for the 2018 FEI World Breeding Championships for Young Horses in Dressage (Five, Six,and Seven Year Olds.) This show is recognized by the following: KDA, AHA, AQHA, MSEDA, IDS, MODA, TIP, and is a National Dressage Pony Cup Partner Show.

    Volunteer opportunities before the show, May 23 and 24:

    • Set rings

    • Decorate rings

    • Clean judge’s boxes

    • Set hospitality area

    Volunteer opportunities during the show:

    • Runners

    • Scribes

    • Scorers

    What should volunteers know?
    Volunteers should wear appropriate footwear for working outside (not flipflops!) and bring raingear if the weather looks like rain.  Panera will be provided for volunteers who work through lunch and volunteers are invited to vendor parties and dinners if scheduled through the evening shifts. A T-shirt will be provided.

    For more information or to sign up for a volunteer time, please contact Sandy Kraatz (sandy@KDAVolunteers.com)

  • 05/03/2018 6:53 AM | Deleted user

    Puncture wounds can be tricky—what may look like an innocuous, small cut can rapidly become an infected, time-consuming injury if the wound turns out to be more than surface-deep.  

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    Small cuts, especially on hairy horse legs, can be easy to overlook. Though the majority of us run our hands down our horse’s legs when we see them, it’s easy to pass right over a small cut thinking it’s not a big deal. However, these seemingly small nicks can turn into something more serious in a hurry, turning the injuries into swollen, inflamed areas that are hot to the touch and infected.

    Puncture wounds anywhere are cause for concern, but those on the lower legs are especially troublesome as they can be deep enough to involve vital structures. Additionally, puncture wounds can be fatal if they strike vital organs like the heart or brain—or if they damage too deeply inside the hoof capsule.

    So what should you do if you find a puncture wound? First and foremost, call your veterinarian. Puncture wounds are usually much more serious than they appear, so getting expert attention soon after discovering it can put your horse on the fast track to healing.

    Next, you can:

    1. Clean around the injury carefully with water, but don’t spray the area directly with a hose as this will force surrounding dirt deeper into the puncture, worsening the chance of infection. Avoid caustic cleaners, but scrubbing gently with saline is appropriate. DO NOT apply pressure to a puncture wound.
    2. Determine if the wound is near a critical structure such as a tendon sheath or internal organ. While the injury may seem far away from the joint, it’s important to remember that infection can spread rapidly and reach the joint capsule.
    3. Cover the area in a water-soluble wound product.
    4. Clip the hair around the affected area, if possible. This will make it easier to see exactly what is going on.
    5. Apply a clean bandage to the area.
    6. Double check that your horse is up-to-date on his tetanus vaccine.

    If you find your horse with an object embedded n his body, leave it in place. This is especially critical if the object is protruding from your horse’s hoof; an X-ray may be necessary to determine the extent of the injury.

    How to Prevent Puncture Wounds

    While it’s impossible to protect your horse from all injury, there are some ways you can help prevent puncture wounds. The include:

    • Look over stalls and run-in sheds a few times a year, looking for protruding nails or screws.
    • Replace broken fence boards as soon as possible; many times nails stick out from broken boards and posts.
    • Keep a timely farrier schedule. The nails from lost shoes are a common source of puncture wounds in the soles of hooves.
    • Put down a tarp or drop cloth to catch nails or screws when working on projects around the farm.
    • Run a magnet through the aisle or grooming area once your farrier is done to pick up any stray nails.
  • 04/16/2018 8:49 AM | Deleted user

    Volunteer opportunities for MSEDA members abound. Each month, we will feature an opportunity for members to obtain volunteer hours and help put on a successful, MSEDA-sanctioned show.

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    Sayre School Combined Test and Dressage Show

    Date and Time: May 12, 2018 at Masterson Station Park in Lexington, KY

    Event History: The 28 year for this event, the annual Sayre Horse Show is a combines test and dressage show that is both MSEDA and KDA sanctioned. Divisions include Greenie, Starter, Beginner Novice, Novice, Training and Preliminary. New for 2018 is the inclusion of fun classes for kids 10 and under.

    All proceeds from the show go to supporting the Sayre School, which was established in 1854. The school is a pre-K through 12th grade institution, with core values of wisdom, integrity, respect and compassion.  

    Volunteer Opportunities:

    Thursday Volunteer Opportunities:
    - Dressage ring set up
    - Stadium course set up

    Saturday Volunteer Opportunities:
    - Bit check
    - Dressage scribes
    - Ring Stewards

    Interested? Email Sally Lockhart at sallyire@aol.com

    Tips for Volunteers: With the crazy weather Kentucky has been experiencing, prepare for the weather, including having everything from winter coats to rain coats to having sunscreen on hand!

  • 04/16/2018 8:36 AM | Deleted user

    While warmer weather has all of us excited about the ability to ride in less layers than Nanook of the North, spring in Kentucky is not without its share of equine complications, including slightly feral steeds, abscesses from mud and the seemingly ever-persistent (and dreaded!) rain rot.

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    One of the most-common skin infections seen in horses, the technical term for rain rot is Dermatophilus congolensis. Caused by bacterial spores that invade the outer layer of skin, the horse’s body produces extra white blood cells as a response to the attack. The blood cells and protein then create tiny, pus-filled pustules on the horse’s coat. When the pustules mature, the skin beneath dies off.

    Occurring in warm, damp conditions, rain rot can manifest in multiple ways, including as individual lesions affecting only portions of a horse’s body or in broad patches. Eventually these lesions form crusty scabs, which then peel off with clumps of hair, leaving patches of the horse’s body bare and potentially painful.

    Common on the head, neck and back, some rain rot truly follows the path of the rainwater as it runs off the horse’s body.While your horse has an active case of rain rot:

    • Don’t share equipment, including saddle pads, girths, wraps and brushes
    • Disinfect the equipment used on the horse

    Healing Options

    Short of keeping a rain sheet on 24/7, it’s hard to prevent rain rot here in the Bluegrass. So what to do when your horse gets it? There are both over-the-counter options and some homemade remedies. If your horse has a very persistent case, it may be in his best interest to have a vet come out and either do a skin scraping or prescribe some other medications (shampoos that contain keratolytic agent are common) as secondary infections of the open lesions can occur.

    OTC Options:

    • Antimicrobial and antibacterial shampoo or rinse (betadine or Nolvasan are options)
    • MTG
    • Equiderma
    • Hay, Where’s That Blue Stuff
    • MicroTek
    • Chlorhexidine scrub
    • Zephyr’s Garden fungal spray
    • Tea tree oil

    Homemade Remedies

    • Clip the horse so air can get to the affected areas
    • Put a 50/50 mix of Listerine and water in a spray bottle and apply up to three times a day
    • Mix mineral oil and Betadine solution, leave on for three days
    Do you have any remedies for rain rot you swear by? Share them here!
  • 04/02/2018 11:29 AM | Deleted user

    Horse showing at a new venue can be a bit like flying blind. Find out why attending MSEDA-sanctioned shows and events can ensure you feel like you’re riding with a no-fail GPS.

    By Sarah E. Coleman

    Horse shows can be great fun no matter where you are, but attending a new event or horse trial can be fraught with doubts: What kind of judges will be there? How will the event be run? Will anything overface my horse? Will it be worth my trip down here?

    Some of these fears can be allayed with three little words: “Sanctioned by MSEDA.” When you’re looking to attend a new event, this small phrase can guarantee you a few things: that the show will be a quality event; that the officials will be licensed by MSEDA, USEF or USDF; and that qualified medical personnel will be on the grounds should you need them (we hope you won’t!).

    The Positives Behind Sanctioning Shows

    MSEDA sanctioning helps show managers in a myriad of ways, arguably the most important of which is bringing additional competitors to the venue. Fully 40 percent of competitors attending dressage shows, events and horse trials in Kentucky and the surrounding states are MSEDA members. Sanctioning shows encourages more riders to compete in their quest for year-end honors.

    Sanctioning can remove a lot of stress from show managers. Sanctioning ensures that show managers provide their competitors with a level playing field. It does so by requiring that they have a sanctioned technical delegate (TD) at the competition. There is a vast list of all the requirements a TD must do or provide at every horse show s/he attends.

    This list is extensive and includes everything from ensuring that fence heights are correct, that there is ample warm-up areas, that horse and rider behavior in the warm up is appropriate, that all the letters in the dressage arenas are correct, and much, much more. A TD’s job is critical to the smooth and accurate running of a horse show, and it can be a relief for a horse show manager to have competent, endorsed help during an event.

    Another boon for horse show hosts and managers? Sanctioning with MSEDA looks great to insurance companies. MSEDA requires that medical personnel be present during the show, a proactive preparation should an accident happen. This measure is not required by most insurance companies. In most cases, unsanctioned shows let local rescue services know they are hosting an event, but don’t have someone physically on the grounds. Sanctioning requires a medical professional be on the grounds, dedicated to ensuring the safety of riders.

    A Competitor’s Edge

    Competitors appreciate attending MSEDA-sanctioned shows as there are never any surprises, no matter where they attend an event or show. Every MSEDA-sanctioned event follows the same rules with regards to details, including fence height, types of fences offered, etc., allowing riders to bring green horses (and trainers to bring green riders) and know that they will not be overfaced—there are no surprises on unfair jump options at sanctioned shows.

    MSEDA-sanctioned shows offer exhibitors more than just a quality experience—they also offer the ability ride under sanctioned judges who offer meaningful, insightful feedback that will allow riders to improve if they take the comments to heart. “The feedback and remarks [on tests] are more meaningful if I know the type and amount of training a judge went through to get them,” says Nikki Seto, a MSEDA member who competes in Western Dressage. This is especially important in a new discipline like western dressage, she explains. “MSEDA has several local judges, officials and instructors who have taken the time and expense to learn to rules, expectations, purpose, terminology and roots of this emerging discipline.”   

    Nikki, like the majority of MSEDA members, competes to garner points toward year-end awards. Riders can only accrue these points at shows that are sanctioned. Here, sanctioning translates directly to the show manager’s bottom line: If the show is sanctioned, more riders will attend in an attempt to earn points.

    In addition to points, showing at sanctioned shows allows riders to track their progress with their horse as the show season continues—knowing they are riding under multiple judges who have worked hard to receive certifications means that the comments and thoughts truly describe how the horse-and-rider team compares with the ideal.

    Currently, Western Dressage riders can only accrue points at sanctioned, schooling-level shows under current USEF guidelines, Nikki notes. Unfortunately, the closest Western Dressage Association of American (WDAA) show is in Tennessee, forcing local competitors to travel out of state for competition.  Should more shows within Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana were to become sanctioned, their base ofrider support would grow (which, again, means more money for horse show hosts in addition to the growth of the discipline).

    How Can we Help?

    How can MSEDA encourage show managers to sanction their shows? In addition to more pushes for sanctioned shows on social media and the MSEDA website, how else can our organization serve you? Let us know by emailing Nikki Seto at nikki.w.seto@gmail.com 

Midsouth Eventing & Dressage Association is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization.

MSEDA’s mission is to promote and preserve the sports of Eventing and Dressage in the Mid-South area, by providing leadership and education to its members and the community at large. To further these goals, MSEDA will provide educational opportunities, fair and safe competitions, promote the welfare of the horse and rider and reward the pursuit of excellence from the grass roots to the FEI level.

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